Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT)

The development of technology in Indonesia is growing day by day. New breakthroughs have begun to appear, one of which is the Internet of Things, or IoT for short. In fact, the IoT itself has been developed for a long time, but lately the name has become more and more popular.

In this article, we will talk about what is the IoT? What are its building blocks? What are the benefits of using the Internet of Things? And in what areas does Internet of Things technology apply? Let’s take a look at the article.

What is the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things is a concept in which technology such as sensors and software are implanted in an object or facility in order to exchange data, control, connect and share data through other devices still connected to the Internet.

The development of technology in Indonesia is growing day by day. New breakthroughs have begun to appear, one of which is the Internet of Things, or what can be abbreviated as IoT. In fact, the IoT itself has been developed for a long time, but lately the name has become more and more popular.

Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT)

In this article, we will talk about what is the IoT? What are its building blocks? What are the benefits of using the Internet of Things? And in what areas does Internet of Things technology apply? Let’s take a look at the article.

What is the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things is a concept in which technology such as sensors and software are implanted in an object or facility in order to exchange data, control, connect and share data through other devices still connected to the Internet.

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The Internet of Things is closely related to the term “machine-to-machine” or M2M. All devices with M2M communication capabilities are often referred to as smart devices or smart appliances. This smart device is expected to assist humans in various current affairs or tasks.

Elements that form the Internet of Things ecosystem
To create an Internet of Things ecosystem, we need not only smart devices, but also various other supporting elements in it. Here are the various elements that make up the Internet of Things:

Artificial Intelligence.

The first is artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a human-owned intelligent system that is implemented or programmed into a machine so that machines can think and behave like humans. This AI itself has several branches, one of which is machine learning. You can explore this machine learning in the Dicoding loh machine learning developer program as a first step to developing artificial intelligence.

In the IoT, almost any machine or tool can become a smart machine. This means that the Internet of Things has a huge impact on all aspects of our lives. This artificial intelligence is responsible for collecting data, designing and developing algorithms, and setting up networks.

Sensor

Next comes the sensor. This element is the distinguishing element of Internet of Things machines from other modern machines. With this sensor, the machine is able to identify tools that can transform an Internet of Things machine from an initial passive machine to an active and integrated machine or tool.

Connectivity

The latter is connectivity. Connectivity is also commonly referred to as network connectivity. In the Internet of Things world itself, we have the opportunity to create a new network, a network that is specifically used for Internet of Things devices.

The benefits of the Internet of Things in different areas

After we have learned the explanation and elements of the formation of the Internet of Things ecosystem, we will now explain the benefits of the Internet of Things in various areas.

In its own application, the Internet of Things brings many benefits. In addition to its main benefits for facilitating human work, the Internet of Things is also useful in various areas. Here are some of them:

Agriculture.

First of all, let’s talk about agriculture or farming. The application of the Internet of Things in the agricultural sector can be done in a number of ways. One is in matters of data collection. The data collected can be in the form of temperature, humidity, rainfall, soil water content and pest monitoring.

For example, farmers can obtain important data such as soil moisture content and ambient temperature using built-in sensors. The data collected can be used to make decisions to improve quality and quantity, minimize risks, and reduce the effort required to manage the farm.

Health

Next up is the medical and healthcare sector. In the world of healthcare, the Internet of Things is constantly evolving. It is planned that in the future, all examination results can be obtained directly by medical personnel or hospitals. Presented data, as well as blood pressure, medical history, past illness, and others.

In fact, Internet of Things technology is now being used in this health care sector, such as the robotic nurse at a clinic in Moscow, which is helping health care workers perform tasks during the current pandemic.

Transportation

Next up is the transportation sector. The Internet of Things can help people integrate, control and process information in transportation systems. Applications of the Internet of Things are developing very quickly and can be implemented in vehicle engines or in steering functions.

One example of IoT applications in transportation is self-parking cars and self-driving cars (autopilot). It is expected that with the introduction of the Internet of Things in the transportation sector, the number of accidents could decrease significantly.

Home automation

Next in the home sector. IoT devices can also be used not only in the business sector, but also for personal use. You can make your home fully automated, you know, from turning on the lights, turning on electronic devices and opening the door. These devices are called smart home peripherals or smart home devices. If you implement IoT in your home, you already have a smart home. It’s cool, right?

It’s not just about convenience, you can also save energy. That’s because you can remotely control the smart devices in your home. That way, no energy is automatically wasted.

Examples of the Internet of Things in the home include lights that can automatically turn on at night, door locks that open with a fingerprint or smartphone, automatic pet feeders, automatic flower sprinklers, and more.

Environment.

The latter is the application of the Internet of Things in the environmental sector. Typical applications for this environmental sector are Internet of Things applications and devices that use sensors.
Examples include tools that can monitor air quality, tools that can be connected to wildlife in captivity, checking water conditions, and others. Even the Internet of Things can be used for early warning systems for disasters.

Conclusion

So, this is a discussion about the Internet of Things. How, I wonder, is it really? The internet of things devices that exist today can still become more advanced in the future and are expected to be more useful to people in all sectors.

I hope that after reading this article, you will be interested in building and developing other Internet of Things devices that are useful to people. See you in the next article.

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